Online Resources and Exhibits

Census of Pence, Cents, and Large Queen Covers
ERD of Two-ring Numeral Cancels

Compiled by Wayne Smith


Wayne Smith has compiled the following:

  • Canada Pence Issue 1851 – 1859 Cover Census
  • 1859 Cents Issue Used on Cover after April 1, 1868
  • Census of Large Queen Covers by Rates
  • Early Use of Two-ring Numeral Cancels on the Large Queen Issue

This page provides a link to the latest version of each list. The lists will be updated periodically as new information becomes available. The author invites comments, corrections, and updates. His email address is:
Waynesmithtor@yahoo.ca.

Canada Pence Issue 1851 – 1859 Cover Census

This census encompasses over 4,300 Pence Issue covers. It is presented in two ways:

  • By stamp/paper variety – lists the number of covers known for each rate paid by the stamp.
  • By rate – lists the number of covers known for each way to pay the rate.

March 2020 update

  • Covers with perforated Pence stamps added.
  • About 200 covers added.

1851 3 pence wove paper times 2 on cover from Pembina to Ottawa

Courtesy Eastern Auctions Ltd.

1859 Cents Issue Used on Cover after April 1, 1868

This is a census of covers with 1859 Cents Issue stamps used after the Large Queen stamps were issued on April 1, 1868.

1859 5 cent Beaver on cover dated 10 April 1868

Courtesy Ron Majors

Census of Large Queen Covers by Rates

This is a census of 1868 Large Queen covers, over 7,000 of them, sorted by postal rate and destination. It begins with domestic mail (4,700 plus covers), and then lists foreign mail to Newfoundland (40 covers), United States (1,400 covers), Great Britain (1,000 covers), and other foreign destinations broken down by country (200 covers).

2018 update

  • 127 more covers than the 2017 census.
  • Extensively reformatted.
  • Representative cover illustrations added.

1868 Large Queen cover franked with 1, 2, and 3 cent stamps paying the rate to the
                         United States

Author's collection

Early Use of Two-ring Numeral Cancels on the Large Queen Issue

The Large Queen definitives were issued on 1 April 1868. Two-ring numeral cancels began appearing almost a year later in late March 1869, and continued into the Small Queen period. The obliterators were issued to 60 post offices.

This list of the earliest recorded dates updates Table IV-14 in the book by H. E. and H. W. Duckworth, The Large Queen Stamps of Canada and Their Use.

3 cent Large Queen with two-ring numeral cancel 15 issued to Brantford, Ontario

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This page was last modified on 2020-03-28